The Faroe Islands history
The archipelago of the Faroe Islands is the part among the waters of the northern Atlantic Ocean. It is a very beautiful place. It is Iceland on the one side and the Scotland by the other side of Faroe Islands. It is a very long and interesting the Faroe Islands history. It begins with a lot of years ago. In the 700th – 800th years inhabitant of these islands were Scots, but soon they left them. As we know these islands belong to the Danish Kingdom. Torshavn city – it is one of the most beautiful cities of these islands. What is more, it is the capital of the Faroe Islands.
If you are interested in the Faroe Islands history, you should know some facts. The name “Faroe Islands” is also called “Island of sheep” because of a very big number of sheep on these islands. These islands are very different from the national culture of Danish Kingdom. The people of Iceland have an advantage than Sweden people, who live in the Faroe Islands.
The Faroe Islands history says that they were opened with the legendary Irish monk. His name is Saint Brendan. This discovery was made during a trip across the Atlantic ocean. It was a great opening in the history of a humanity.
More than 12 years ago Norwegian settlers began to come to the islands. Since that time, the Norwegian government has been trying to gain control of the islands. But the local population of these islands was a very big problem. Inhabitants opposed the self-proclaimed government. The Faroe Islands history says that in the ninth century the Faroe Islands adopted Christian religion. Christianity in the Faroe Islands came from Norway. Before the eleventh century, immigrants from Norway still came to these new open islands. In about 100years the Faroe Islands were joined to Norway. How long they were one of the parts of Norway in couple with Denmark, so long they were in Norway state.
In 1709, the turnover of the Faroe Islands (mainly exported woolen goods and imported food and timber) became a royal monopoly. The Faroe Islands remained the property of the Danish crown when Norway moved to Sweden in 1814.
The national language of this region is a descendant of the Old Norwegian language. When the Second World War began, the Faroe Islands were occupied by the United Kingdom. After the war, the history of the Faroe Islands says that there were two referendums. As a result, these islands received limited sovereignty, the Danish Kingdom fully controlled all politics of the islands.
The ideals of the nationalist movement in the nineteenth century were largely realized in 1948. When the Faroe Islands were recognized as a separate state with an original culture, self-governing from within. What is more, in addition, it was recognized as a part of the Danish kingdom. Since then, Faroese citizens have been legally defined as Danish citizens. They permanently residing in the Faroe Islands.
Denmark also recognized the cultural and political integrity of the Faroe Islands. The Faroe Islands, however, still experience occasional prejudices, while in Denmark it is still sometimes considered.
The population of the Faroe Islands is essentially monoethnic. Immigration from abroad has always been small. Significant internal migration weakens the regional unity and unity of political parties.
Cultural and religious institutions were based on national rather than regional level. Informally, the Faroe Islands have always wanted to defend their name and their independence and identity. People recognize the existence of differences between themselves on the basis of dialectal differences and rural origin. But they have no political differences.